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Janina Hosiasson on Analogical Reasoning: New Sources

philosopher's steps
Thursday, June 24, 2021, 3:00 pm – 5:00 pm

The Philosophy Department of the Central European University, the Institute Vienna Circle and the Unit for Applied Philosophy of Science and Epistemology (of the Department of Philosophy of the University of Vienna) are jointly organizing a series of talks this term.

The meeting will be online via ZOOM:

You can also log into our meetings through the Zoom application (rather than by clicking the link above), by using the following credentials:

Meeting-ID: 987 6775 8229
Password: IVC-APSE


While Janina Hosiasson herself is a relatively known figure in the philosophy of probability of the 1930s, a large part of her work remains inaccessible to the wider academic audience. This is particularly true of her analysis of inductive reasoning by analogy, which until recently was available only through a single published article. In the talk, I will discuss this work and present its extension, which Hosiasson developed in the 1940s, the publication of which was prevented by her untimely death. I will then show how this late work foreshadows Carnap's own approach to "analogy by similarity'" developed in the 1960s. Hosiasson turns out to be a predecessor of the line of research that models analogical influence as inductive relevance.