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Friday, November 19, 2021, 10:00 am – 2:00 pm


During the postwar period, European societies were increasingly medicalized. Medicine was extended to all spheres of social life: health became an implicit or explicit right, health care accessible to (almost) everybody, medicines a medico-industrial complex, and medical advances critical to both utopian and dystopian visions. Medical sciences and institutions (e.g. the pharmaceutical revolution, psychiatric reforms etc.) played a central role in imagining the future. However, life sciences often nourished radically new (utopian) conceptions of living, cohabitation, and self-realization. Ideals, goals, and objectives may have been different on each side of post war Europe but what was shared was the common concern for life and limb of their respective populations. The Budapest team will examine how ethical and legal policies reflect differences and similarities in the East and in the West. We shall focus on specific elements of the legal system, such as, right to health, principle of autonomy, principle of non-commodification.

In our first Budapest workshop we intend to develop collaborations and focusing on the context of the socialist health care and medicine through some selected themes. We plan to organize regular workshops on the themes of the Leviathan Project.


19 NOV 2021 / 10 AM / CEU N15, Quantum room

10:00-10:05 / Opening and introduction / Judit Sándor

10:05-11:30 / Panel 1: Historical context / moderator: Márton Varju

10:05-10:45 / Presentations

Home Visits in State Socialist Healthcare

Ilona Kappanyos / ELTE Humanities Faculty, Social and Economic History PhD Programme and ELTE Social Studies and Humanities Faculties, History of Professionalisation Research Team /


Undisciplined Patients, Regulated Medical Authority? Changing Norms in Patient Care and the Medical Ethics Committees in State Socialist Hungary

Viola Lászlófi / ELTE Atelier Department of European Social Sciences and Historiography and EHESS-Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales: Centre Alexandre-Koyré - Histoire des sciences et des techniques /


10:45-11:30 / Discussion panel

Ilona Kappanyos
Viola Lászlófi
Sándor Horváth
/ Research Centre for the Humanities (ELKH), Institute of History / György Majtényi / Eszterházy Károly University and Universität Wien /

11:30-12:00 / Coffee break

12:00-12:20 / Dialogue

József Kovács and Judit Sándor‘s conversation of the history of bioethics and medical law in Hungary


12:20-13:00 / Panel 2: Reproduction and Legacy of Eugenics in the Post-War Era / Moderator: Péter Kakuk

12:20-13:00 / Presentations

Human Reproduction and Medicine in Post-War Central and Eastern Europe (via Zoom)

Elena Brodeala / University of Zurich /


Post-War Legacy of Eugenics in the Reproductive Medical Discourse

Barna Szamosi / Eszterházy Károly University /


From 13:00 / Discussion followed by reception


13:00-13: 30/ Dialogue

József Kovács and Judit Sándor‘s conversation of the history of bioethics and medical law in Hungary



Safety information:

Onsite events can be attended only with a valid immunity certificate (EU or Hungarian).

We kindly ask each participant to show their immunity certificate (or EU COVID certificate) together with a personal identification document to the organizers and security guard when checking-in for the event onsite. 

Entry is allowed in masks only. Upon entering the buildings security service might do random body temperature checks. It is strongly advised to use the hand sanitizers and wash hands regularly following the guidelines in the washrooms. It is advised to keep at least 1 meter distance while on campus. All must wear a mask everywhere when at CEU.