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CEU Economic Seminar Series: Climate change, demographic pressures and global sustainability

Thursday, May 19, 2022, 11:15 am – 12:30 pm


This article emphasizes the need for broader approaches for formulating policies for mitigating the

effects of climate change especially in the contexts of agricultural decisions, and population health and

migration. Constraints imposed by rapid population growth in developing countries for achievement of

Sustainable Development Goals are discussed and evidence is presented on “unwanted” fertility from

India. Second, comparisons are made for India during 2002–2016 for average well depths in 495 districts

and terrestrial water storage anomalies assessed via GRACE satellites for 2741 * 1 grids using estimated

parameters from dynamic random effects models. Lastly, migration patterns especially of the highly

educated from 39 sending countries to OECD countries during 2000–2010 are analyzed using dynamic

random effects models and total fertility rates were significantly associated with higher migration rates

for the highly educated. Implications of the empirical evidence for enhancing global sustainability are