Prior to the 1990s, only South Africa, Kenya, and Gabon had adopted competition laws. However, in 2022, more than two-thirds of African countries have adopted competition laws. Additionally, at the regional level, seven regional competition regimes exist. Recently, at the continental level, Africa has adopted the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Competition Protocol. This course will explore how African countries are building their regulatory capacity and capabilities in the enforcement of competition law. Generally, we will explore the goals of competition law in emerging markets, and the opportunities and challenges involved.
Vellah Kedogo Kigwiru, an advocate of the High Court of Kenya, is currently a Doctoral
Research Fellow at the Technical University of Munich’s (TUM) School of Social Sciences
and Technology, and a Guest Researcher, at Marx Planck Institute for Innovation and
Competition, Munich Germany. Previously she worked at the Competition Authority of Kenya.
She is also a contributing editor at AfronomicsLaw, an author at the Competition Policy
International blog, and a researcher at the UNCTAD Research Partnership Platform on
competition policy. Kigwiru’s research interests focus on competition law and policy:
technology and innovation; international economic law; trade law; regional integration; human
rights; and legal research methods as they relate to Africa. Currently, her projects on
competition policy focus on regional competition regimes, digital markets, technology and
markets, politics of markets, and competition agencies’ institutional designs. She has recently
published in the Manchester Journal of International Economic Law and the African Journal of International Economic Law.