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Feeling Insecure and Excluding Immigrants: relationship between subjective risks and welfare chauvinism

0325 ineq cover
Monday, March 25, 2024, 1:30 pm – 3:10 pm

The Inequalities and Democracy Workgroup of the CEU Democracy Institute cordially invites you to its public seminar. You can check our past events here.

If you would like to attend, please register here.

Please keep in mind that external guests will not be able to enter the building without prior registration.


We argue that subjective insecurity plays an important role in explaining welfare chauvinism, which is defined as the restriction of immigrantsaccess to social benefits and public services. Additionally, macroeconomic performance and welfare regime are closely related to opinions about social rights of migrant groups. We test these propositions, using a multilevel ordered logit model using the 8th wave of ESS. It is found that subjective unemployment and income risks do not overlap with objective measures, and self-assessed insecurity has strong and positive effect on welfare chauvinism. Moreover, we demonstrate that even for the most socio-economically advantaged respondents, subjective risk increases the likelihood of chauvinistic welfare attitudes. At the macro level, higher rates of GDP per capita growth decrease welfare chauvinism, and Central and Eastern European welfare regime increases the likelihood of exclusionary attitudes in relative terms. The results are robust across different estimation techniques and inclusion of alternative contextual factors. 


Anil Duman is a Research Affiliate at the Democracy Institute and a Professor at Central European University, Budapest. She has received her M.A. and Ph.D. in Economics from University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Her broad research interests include labor economics, political economy, industrial relations, welfare state policies, and redistribution. In her recent research, on the one hand, she has been specializing on the labor market effects and governance of informality, particularly on employment and wage consequences of a dual economic structure.


Eva Fodor is Research Affiliate at the Democracy Institute as well as a Professor of Gender Studies and currently a member of CEU's Senior Leadership Team as Pro-Rector for Teaching and Learning.  She has a Ph.D. in Sociology  from the University of California in Los Angeles and works in the field of comparative social inequalities.  Specifically, she is interested in how and why gender differences in the labor market and elsewhere are shaped, reshaped, renegotiated and reproduced in different types of societies an din different social contexts. Her recent book, "The Gender Regime of Anti-Liberal Hungary" describes the introduction of what she calls a "carefare" regime in Hungary after 2010 (open access with Palgrave Pivot, 2022).  Her ongoing research projects address the impact of the Covid - 19 pandemic on the division of care work, and the transformation of the labor market during and following the pandemic.


Andrea Krizsan is Senior Research Fellow, Lead Researcher of the Inequalities and Democracy Working Group at the Democracy Institute and Professor at the Department of Public Policy and the Gender Studies Department. She works on the politics of inequalities and equality policy interventions  in countries of Central and Eastern Europe. Her current research focuses on gender equality aspects of de-democratization processes and the role of civil society in building democratic resilience and inclusive democratization processes. Besides her academic work Andrea also acts as the Chair of the CEU Senate Equal Opportunity Committee. Andrea has a PhD in Political Science from the Central European University.